Indicates that the action affects the subject; requires a prefix
indicating that there is no object. Can be used together with -moH to form a command of a stative verb, e.g. yItuj’eghmoH Heat
yourself! [KGT p. 117]
||one another, each other
Requires a prefix indicating plural subject and no object.
||ready, prepared (referring to beings)
||ready, set up (referring to devices)
It is a cultural taboo to use the suffix -vIp
with I or we as
||change in state, change in direction
E.g. chomuSchoH I am beginning to
hate you (but I did not hate you before). The sentence pa’ ghoSchoH He/she is starting
to go there implies that either the person was not going anywhere
before, or that he/she changed direction.
||resume, do again
Indicates that the action stopped, then began again, e.g. wInejqa’ We are resuming
searching for it or We search for it
The subject causes a change in condition or creates a new one, e.g. qul vIchenmoH I light a fire (lit.
I cause a fire to take form). Makes intransitive
verbs transitive, e.g. yIqIjmoH Blacken it! (lit. Cause it to be
black!). Required when making an imperative out of a stative verb (see
also -’egh above).
Indicates that the subject is unknown, indefinite, and/or general, the
verb can not have a subject, and the prefixes are used in a different way
(see bottom row of prefix table). Sentences using -lu’ are often translated into English passive voice,
e.g. Daqawlu’ You are
E.g. jIQonglaH I can sleep;
tlhIngan Hol vIjatlhlaH I am able
to speak Klingon.
Indicates that an action is performed absolutely properly. [PK]
Indicates that the speaker thinks what he/she says should be obvious to
the listener, e.g. QIpba’ He/she is obviously stupid. There is still room for
doubt though, the suffix does not imply as strong a conviction as -bej.
Expresses that the speaker is uncertain, and may even be thought of as
meaning I think or I
suspect, e.g. DuSeHlaw’ He/she seems to be controlling you or I think he/she is controlling you.
Indicates that the action is completed.
Indicates that the action was deliberately undertaken and completed.
Indicates that the action is ongoing.
Indicates that the action is ongoing and proceeding toward a known
Indicates extreme politeness or deference. Used only when
addressing a superior, e.g. HIja’neS Do me the honor of telling me. It is never
A subordinate clause can occur either before or after the rest of the
sentence, e.g. cha yIbaH qara’DI’ or qara’DI’ cha yIbaH Fire
the torpedoes at my command!
||when, as soon as
The suffix -vIS is always used along with the
type 7 suffix -taH, e.g. bIQongtaHvIS while you are
||due to, because of [TKDa]
Note that there is also a noun suffix -mo’ with the same meaning. [TKD 6.2.2]
A relative clause takes the place of a noun in a sentence. It has a head
noun to which its verb refers, e.g. qIpbogh yaS the officer who hit him/her or yaS
qIpbogh the officer whom he/she hit. If
there is more than one noun in the clause, the head noun is indicated with
the suffix -’e’ topic, e.g. loDHom qIpbogh
mang’e’ the soldier who hit the
boy. [TKD 6.2.3; TKW pp. 142, 189]
||for, for the purpose of, in order to
The purpose clause always precedes the noun or verb whose purpose it is
describing, e.g. ja’chuqmeH rojHom a truce in order to confer; jagh
luHoHmeH lunejtaH They are searching for
the enemy in order to kill him/her. [TKD 6.2.4]
Indicates that a sentence is a yes/no question, e.g. bIjang’a’ Will you
answer? [TKD 6.4]
||may, let [TKDa]
Expresses a desire or wish on the part of the speaker that something take
place in the future. If used in a toast (but not otherwise) the sentence
word order becomes object–subject–verb. E.g. wo’ ghawran DevtaHjaj May
Gowron continue to lead the Empire, if the same thing were to be
expressed as a wish or aspiration on the speaker's part, and not a toast,
it would be said wo’ DevtaHjaj ghawran instead.
Note: Klingons seem to be a bit touchy on the subject of toasts, and so it
is important to use only the handful of accepted toasts. [PK; KGT pp.
Nominalizers (Turns Verb into Noun)
||one who does/is, thing which does/is
In reference to inanimate objects it means thing
which does/is or thing which is used for, when
referring to beings it means one who does/is. E.g.
joqwI’ flag; nanwI’ chisel; baHwI’ gunner; pujwI’ weakling. Also used to
say things like DoqwI’ the red
one. [TKD 3.2.2]
Turns a verb (which must have at least one other suffix attached) into a
noun. The use of this suffix often makes for bad Klingon, and it is strongly
suggested that you refrain from using any word with -ghach, unless it is found in the dictionary. E.g. naDHa’ghach discommendation; naDqa’ghach re-commendation.
This suffix follows the element (verb or verb suffix) which it negates,
e.g. choHoHvIpbe’ You are
not afraid to kill me, choHoHbe’vIp You are afraid to not kill me. It cannot be used in
imperatives (where -Qo’ is used instead),
but it can be applied to verbs used adjectivally, e.g. yIHmey
lI’be’ useless tribbles [TKDa 4.2.9; CK]
This suffix always occurs last, unless followed by a type 9 suffix. It is
used in imperatives and to denote refusal.
Always occurs immediately after the verb, before any other suffixes. It
indicates that something that was previously done is now undone, or that
something is done wrongly, e.g. nobHa’ give back; yajHa’ misunderstand. Can also be applied to verbs used
adjectivally, e.g. ’eyHa’ undelicious; yepHa’ careless. [KGT pp. 30, 84, 150]
This suffix follows the element (verb or verb suffix) which it emphasizes,
e.g. nImuSlaw’qu’ They SEEM to hate you, nImuSqu’law’ They seem
to HATE you. Can also be applied to verbs used adjectivally, e.g. veng tInqu’ very big city.